Black prince is one of the eye-catching hybrid succulent plants. This plant can tolerate light frost and required a minimum of 20F (-6.7C) temperature. Initially, baby leaves green, and when they matured naturally, they turn to dark colors with sunlight.
Black Prince succulent is also called Black Hens and Chicks. It is an Echeveria family plant and natively grows in Mexican deserts and semi-desert areas. This plant requires good bright light to produce its true natural dark colors. It is one of the flowering succulents that can grow indoors and outdoors without much effort. Once the plant matured, produce a red color flower. Black Hens and Chicks flowers rise from the rosette, and it lasts for a week. Once it ended the blooming, remove the deadheads.
There are several different Black Prince Succulent types. Generally, Black Hens and Chicks succulents have dark colors; other varieties have multi-colors (with dark color). A different type of black prince succulent plant has a small mix of yellow, light green, or purple colors along with dark black color. Depending on the variety, its variegation varies. These variegated black prince succulents are rare Echeveria types.
Echeveria Black Prince care
Soil for Echeveria Black Prince.
Soil is an essential factor when growing succulents. Like other succulents, Black Prince requires well drain less nutrient soil. You can use a homemade succulent soil recipe or use a readymade general-purpose potting mix with few soil amendments to enhance its drainage.
When making the soil mixture, you have to add 50% – 70% inorganic materials like perlite or pumices, sand, stone, or pebbles. These inorganic materials will enhance the potting mix drainage and aeration.
Black Prince soil recipe.
- Sands 40% (not beach sands) coarse sands, granite sands.
- Garden Soil 20%.
- Compost 10%.
- Perlite or Pumice 20%.
- Small rock chips or pebbles 10%.
How to use readymade potting mix for succulents.
You can use a general-purpose potting mix or cacti or succulent potting mix. When you use that potting mix, use it as a replacement for Garden soil and compost. Therefore, apply up to 30% (which is an equivalent percentage to garden soil and organic compost) of this premade potting mix for the above recipe.
When using cactus or succulent potting mix, make sure that it has enough perlite or pumice. You can enhance this readymade potting soil by adding 20% of sands (coarse sands, granite sands) and 10% of small rock chips or pebbles. Some of the readymade potting mixes contain peat moss, in such a situation use more coarse sands, granite sands with perlite, or pumice to control the moisture level. Peat moss is a water repellent material, therefore there is a risk of waterlogging your soil recipe. Therefore it is essential to use more water-absorbing materials. When the water holds for a longer time, there is a high possibility to Black Prince roots rotting.
Pots and Containers.
Black Prince Root bowl does not grow deeply, even if the plant is matured. Therefore, you can use around 3inch to 4-inch depth pots.
The fully-grown plant can grow up to 7 inches to 9-inch width; therefore, choose the pots/containers appropriately. One of the essential things is drainage. It is advisable to use enough drainage holes in pots to avoid waterlogging and overwatering.
This plant can be directly cultivated on the ground if the climate conditions are favorable to the plant. Especially temperature not drop below the 32°F (0°C).
Echeveria black prince prefers full to partial sunlight. This plant requires brighter light to produce its true dark color. When it receives low light, its leaves turn green. To produce Echeveria Black Prince dark colors, provide around 5-6 hours of light. When growing these plants indoor area, place them in the south or east-facing windows to get more bright light.
When the plant receives low light, it stretched out, and its appearance changes. Therefore, it is essential to maintain proper lights even in the winter season.
Succulents’ family plants require very little water to thrive. Unlike other plants, you have to use a more managed watering pattern. Over or under-watering is an issue. Based on the climate conditions, we can use a generally accepted watering schedule depending on the surface soil dryness.
Before water, the black prince succulent checks the surface soil completely dries up. Not only the surface soil, check 1 inch to 2 inches deeper soil dryness. You can use chopsticks or toothpicks for that. Dig a stick on the potting soil, wait for 2 – 3 minutes, and check its moisture level. If there is no moisture, you can water it.
The generally accepted watering schedule is temperature over 78.8°F (26°C) water every 3-4 days. Temperature between 68°F – 77°F (20°C -25°C) water every 6-7 days. Temperature between 59°F – 66°F (15°C to 19°C) water every 10-15 days and between 50°F – 57°F (10°C-14°C) water every 15 to 20 days and temperature below 50°F (10°C) water every 25 to 30 days subject to the soil dryness.
The best succulent watering method is the soak and dry process. During winter, you can directly pour one or two tablespoons of water directly into the soil. That watering method will cut the excess moisture and waterlogging in freezing climates. Never spray water on the leaves as they may cause leaf rot. You can read more about how to water succulents.
Echeveria black prince is not a Frost tolerance succulent. However, it can survive in a light frost. The minimum temperature is 20F (-6C). In the winter season, move the plant to a frost-free, wormer place. Winter season ideal locations are windowsill (South or east-facing windows) or greenhouse with grows lights. Black prince can grow in USDA zone 9 or higher without much effort. The perfect temperature for the black prince is over 64°F (18°C). This succulent can be grown indoors below USDA Zones 9, if you can maintain an indoor temperature above 62°F (16°C) with excellent artificial growing lighting (full spectrum better for producing dark color).
If you live in a region where temperature drop below 32°F (0°C) in the winter season, recommend keeping your plant in pots. It makes it easy to move them indoors during the coolest time.
Succulents are not heavy fertilizer feeders. When repotting the plant add, around 10% of organic compost is enough for the Black prince to thrive. It is not necessary to add chemical-based fertilizers. Adding organic fertilizers can boost Black Hens and Chicks.
Black Hens and Chick is a slow-grown small succulent. Therefore annual repotting is not necessary unless you need to replace a new pot. Its root bowl is not growing more in-depth and requires fewer nutrients. Consequently, you can keep the same potting mix for more than two years.
Like other succulents, echeveria black prince succulents can propagate from cuttings, leaves, or offsets. These offsets (stolons) are also known as hens. When the plant matured you can see them. Stolons grow areal roots. Planting offsets with areal roots is the fastest and easiest Black Prince propagation method. Simply cut that hens and plant them in different containers and water as per the above instruction. For this reproduction, you can use the above soil recipe. You can read more about succulent propagation.
Leaf-cutting propagation: Leaf-cutting is another safe and straightforward Echeveria black prince propagation method. Remove the bottom leaf by gently twisting on the base until it comes off. Then let the removed leaf dry for two days and plant it in a succulent soil mix and spray water. Never expose the removed leaf to direct sunlight or high temperature until they grow.
Steam Cutting. This is another propagation method. You can use this method for mature plants. When the plant gets taller, cut the stem a few inches from the surface and replant it in the succulent soil mix. Do not expose the freshly replanted plants to direct sunlight until they started growing.
Black prince succulent bloom.
Echeveria black prince succulent flower blooms in late fall. Flower rods arise from the side or center of the rosettes. Depending on the climate conditions, plant age, and soil nutrient level, it produces dark red followers once a year. These flowers are rising center of the rosette.
Adding very little fertilizer can encourage the matured plant to bloom. The best time to fertilize is spring or early summer. Then you can expect flowering in autumn.
These flowers contain nectar, which attracts all kinds of pollinators. They can attract bees, hummingbirds, ants, and unwanted pests such as mealybugs and aphids. Therefore you have to pay more attention to your succulent during its flowering season.
Most common problems of Echeveria Black Prince.
Echeveria Black Prince Yellow Leaves.
The common reasons for Echeveria’s black prince leave turning yellow is overwatering or waterlogging in the pot. Succulent family plants require very little water to thrive. These arid desert plants store water on leaves and stem to use on dry days. Immediately change the watering pattern. You can follow the watering as mentioned earlier method.
Next, check the soil kept a lot of moisture. Generally, all succulents require a well-drained potting mix. If the soil keep lot of moisture for a more extended period immediately, change the potting mix. You can follow the above soil mix recipe for that. If you ignore the yellow leaves on the black prince, it can end up dying the plant. Excessive water can rot the root and stem of the plant.
Black prince succulent turning green.
Echeveria Black Prince leaves turning green is lack sunlight. This succulent plant requires bright light to produce its dark colors leaves. When it receives less light (direct or partial), it leaves colors to change. Normally indoor plants affect this issue. Though baby leaves have a little green color and when they are being matured, it turns dark. That is entirely normal. In the winter season, provide the plant with artificial grow lights.
Why Leaves turning Brown.
When the Black Prince succulent exposes to excessive bright direct sunlight over a more extended period, black prince leaves turn to brown colors. Immediately move the plant to a partial shade place or indoor location with bright light (not direct sunlight). This is an early symptom of sunburn.
Why bottom leaves are dying.
Black Prince, the bottom leaves dying is normal. When the plant is growing, its old leaves dying; however, if you identified unusual behaviors, it could be under-watering. When the plant does not receive enough water for a longer period, it uses stored water on its leaves and stem. That is why Echeveria bottom leaves dying. Immediately change the watering pattern or increase the watering amount.
Why are succulent leaves shriveling?
The common reason for black prince leaves shriveling is a poor watering pattern. It can be overwatering or under-watering. Therefore, you have to identify other symptoms to verify the issue deeply. If the leaves are wilting, it can be under-watering. Increase the watering pattern. Bug inflections can also be shriveling the leaves. Severe infestations can kill the plant. Use alcohol mix solution to kill those pests or simply wash them away.
Black Prince stems are stretching out.
Stem or entire plant stretching out or etiolating is a symptom of lack of bright light. This is common behavior for most of the bright light-required plants. If you can detect such behavior in the early stages, move the plant to a brighter light area.
When the black prince receives light from one direction, it stretches out towards the light source’s direction. Therefore rotate the plant periodically. There is no remedy for the etiolate plant. You can use such a plant for stem cutting propagation.
Black Prince succulent leaves falling off.
If you notice the Echeveria black price leaves falling off, it is a sign of overwatering. Too much water can cause soft and mushy and eventually falling off. Before plant root and stem rot cut the watering schedule and check the soil drainage. Another reason is if the plant exposes to intense heat, its leaves tuning down to save water and energy. You can read succulent leaves falling off, post for more detail about saving the dying plant.
Why is my black prince succulent dying?
First, you have to identify the correct reason for dying your succulent plant. The most common reasons are over-watering or under-watering. Another reason can be pest inflections. There are simple remedies against pest inflection. However, succulents have less pest inflection than other plants in your garden.
Watering issue: When the black price leaves turn yellow and turn down, it is an excess moisture issue. Immediately change the watering schedule and change the potting mix to help the root system dry out quickly. Once you re-potted, the plant does not water for few days.
If the echeveria Black Hens and Chicks bottom leaves are dying, getting thin, and wrinkled, which indicates they are thirsty. Immediately add more water and move the plant to a cooler area until it recovers.
Pest inflection: The most common black prince pest are scale, mealy bugs, aphids, and Spider mites. These bugs suck the plant leaves juices (stored water). Due to that, bug inflections leave wrinkled, shriveled.
You can wash away mealybugs and spider mites off the plant. Alternatively, you can use neem oil or dilute alcohol mixed solution to kill these pests.